Disruption in the world’s natural equilibrium by the drastic and radical changes in the climate owing to the global warming causing climate change by increased industrialization and burning of fossil fuels is a menace to the life of humans as well as flora and fauna. The observed changes in timings of natural seasons increased flash floods and the extinction of many animal species can be clearly seen. Today world is in need to limit the risk climate change poses to living beings. Despite all the political argument against it, global warming is an alarming issue which causes various climatic disasters that do not only affect human but also animals and indeed needs to be controlled through collective action. Global warming is a substantial issue which refers to the increased earth’s temperature due to the factors mostly attributed to the human activity. It results in the depletion of the ozone layer that protects us from the harmful ultraviolet radiations emitted by the sun. Due to increased industrialization and burning of the fossil fuels, many noxious gases are being released into the earth atmosphere and are capable of trapping the heat rays coming directly from the sun. The unchecked harmful gases containing Chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs) that are being released from the refrigerators and aerosols have resulted in the depletion of ozone layer.
Universal move was made within just two years of discovery of thinning of ozone layer to put an end to the use of organic compound (CFCs) that is the main culprit in ozone depletion (Foster “The Enduring Effects of Ozone Depletion”). This diminution of ozone layer has resulted into chronic health effects as its depletion causes ultraviolet radiations of sun to pass through it. These rays are the source of major health issues such as sunburn (erythema) that is best known acute effect of UV radiation, snow blindness and non-melanocytic cancer. “Provided other factors remain equal, 10 percent reduction in column ozone will result in an extra 160,000 cases of non-melanocytic skin cancer in the United States and 8,000 in UK” (Godlee 1327). Therefore, there is no hesitation in saying that global warming has serious effects on the life and which in turn is caused by climate change.
Drastic increase in the global temperature has led to the increase in the natural disasters such as increased ferocity of floods, termed as flash floods which are not only a menace to the environment but to the economic problems as well. Rise in the earth’s temperature has caused ice glaciers to melt. Glick in his article ‘The Big Thaw’ mentions that the snows peaks of Kilimanjaro have melted more than 80 percent since 1912. Thawing of the ice caps have raised the sea level and the water that cannot be withheld and flow ferociously leading to the catastrophic floods. These out bursting of lakes are impossible to predict, let alone counteract. Floods have smashed multiple villages beyond repair in the Northern areas of Pakistan and has brutally taken thousands of lives, forcing the survivors to migrate.
A flash flood is different from a seasonal flood not just in intensity but also in what it brings along with it. A seasonal flood carries sediment that increases the fertility of land and thus aid in agriculture, while Glacial Lake Outburst Flood bring rocks and a lot of sand with it which render land infertile (Shah “Risky Environs: Here’s why we should care about climate change). This ultimately causes to lose the fertility of the cultivable lands and hence restricts the ways to earn the livelihood, soaring the losses to the economy as a whole. Thus, to conserve water and agricultural resources measures to overcome this issue is a serious need.
Climate change has not only interrupted natural environment and human life but has also jeopardized the existence of animal life making them extinct and endangered species. Life under the water is facing tough times as lakes, rivers and oceans, the home of many marine animals being acidified and polluted and has resulted in the loss of natural habitat, causing migration of animals to long distant places. The vibrantly colorful and active genus of Harlequin Frogs in central and South America has suffered extinction in the twentieth century 67 percent of 110 species, despite attempts to protect their habitat (Hsiung 1696). Life on the earth surface also suffers through this prevalent problem, disturbing every other species. In a Dawn news article a Pakistani villager residing in Thar name Khait Singh owned 300 to 400 cows and goats but nearly 80 percent of his livestock has now died (Elahi “How Climate change has endangered Thar’s livestock”). Every animal has biological features that help them adapt to the certain environment but if the weather keeps changing they would not really know how to cope up. Therefore, for the preservation of vital ecosystems and species, issue of climate change is important to tackle.
Despite how significant and strong is the issue of climate change, there are still some governments and citizens who deny the changing of climate and also its attribution to human activities. Dr. Roy Spencer is one of the under 3% of atmosphere researchers whose exploration proposes that people are playing a moderately negligible part in an unnatural weather change and that the climate system is insensitive to humanity’s greenhouse gas emissions. While Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) expressed with 95 percent certainty that most of the global warming since 1950 is human-brought about, with a best gauge that 100% is because of humans over the past 60 years (Nuccitelli “The Top Ten Global Warming ‘skeptic’ Arguments Answered”).
Furthermore, if there would not have been any climate change then there also would not have been any drastic changes in temperature as intense hot summers and cold winters.“ Most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with 16 of the 17 warmest years on record occurring since 2001. Not only was 2016 the warmest year on record, but eight of the 12 months that make up the year – from January through September, with the exception of June – were the warmest on record for those respective months. October, November, and December of 2016 were the second warmest of those months on record – in all three cases, behind records set in 2015.” (Northon “NASA, NOAA Data Show 2016 Warmest Year on Record Globally”).
Moreover, the capitalists view awareness about the climate change against their interests and they do not include the costs of environmental consequences in their economic rationalist models. The Australian Religious Response to Climate Change (ARRCC) system was set up in 2008 to give instructive and crusade assets to confidence groups to respond to climate change and lead by case with earth maintainable practices. However, in 2014 the individuals of ARRCC were being arrested in protest against proposed coal mine (Taylor 87). It can be seen how businessmen are playing over climate change pretending to do something just to gather goodwill but have not done any single favor in real. To add to this, the issue that developed in Australia was what to do with the clashing idea of human generated environmental change due to burning fossil fuels when Australia turned into world-leading coal exporter.
Taylor in her book Global Warming and Climate Change mentions that “A wishful Australian techno-fix solution to this mental conflict has been ‘clean coal’ or carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the coal-burning cycle. There has been little scientific evidence that CCS will do what it is supposed to do, but government rhetoric often proclaims otherwise. So far, the focus on clean coal has been a matter of belief rather than evidence. Atmospheric and earth scientists have offered no such techno-fix in any timeframe that matters to current emission statistics” (81). In November 2012, US President Elect Donald Trump tweeted that global warming is a Chinese hoax. He said that it’s a part of a plot to bring down US business and manufacturing (Dodgson “The biggest threat to Earth has been dismissed by Trump as a Chinese hoax”). Trump is a businessman too and like others, defies awareness campaigns to protect their interests. In reality, however, there is irrefutable evidence that climate change is taking place.
In conclusion, the climate change is the most critical and overwhelming problem around the globe and the countries should look into the matter. Public should be given the awareness and education by campaigning and precautionary measures should be taken such as more plantation and less use of gases containing chlorofluorocarbons and other gases responsible for its cause. Especially, as it leads to the global warming, causing serious health issue and hazardous disasters followed by flash floods and destruction of animal life. In spite of the fact that most of the countries around the globe has failed to realize the intensity of the problem, climate change has become a pressing issue and is causing fear among the masses around the world and prompting governments to put an end to it. Thus climate change can clearly be stated as a global chaos.
Dodgson, Lindsay. “The Biggest Threat to Earth Has Been Dismissed by Trump as a Chinese Hoax.” Business Insider. 11 Nov. 2016. Web. 19 Mar. 2017. <http://www.businessinsider.com/donald-trump-climate-change-chinese-hoax-2016-11>.
Elahi, Manzar. “How Climate Change Has Endangered Thar’s Livestock.” DAWN.COM. N.p., 22 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Mar. 2017. <https://www.dawn.com/news/1208617>.
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Godlee, F. “Dangers of Ozone Depletion.” BMJ : British Medical Journal. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 23 Nov. 1991. Web. 17 Mar. 2017. <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1671405/?page=2>.
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Hsiung, Wayne, and Cass R. Sunstein. “Climate Change and Animals” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 155.6 (2007):1695–1740. JSTOR. Web. <https://www.law.upenn.edu/journals/lawreview/articles/volume155/issue6/HsiungSunstein155U.Pa.L.Rev.1695(2007).pdf>.
Nuccitelli, Dana. “The Top Ten Global Warming ‘skeptic’ Arguments Answered | Dana Nuccitelli.” The Guardian. 06 May 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2017. <https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2014/may/06/top-ten-global-warming-skeptic-arguments-debunked>.
Northon, Karen. “NASA, NOAA Data Show 2016 Warmest Year on Record Globally.” NASA. 18 Jan. 2017. Web. 18 Mar. 2017. <https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-noaa-data-show-2016-warmest-year-on-record-globally>.
Shah, Danial.“ Risky Environs: Here’s why we should care about climate change.” Herald. Dawn, 25 July 2016.Web. 26 Oct 2016. <http://herald.dawn.com/news/1153451>.
Taylor, Maria. “Influences on a Changed Story and the New Normal 1990s: Values and Beliefs.” JSTOR. ANU Press. (2014). Web. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt130h8d6.11>.
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